An artist can offer a new vantage point from which we can view our
world. Monet changed how we look at color, and with a literal change
in perspective, Georgia O'Keefe transformed delicate flowers into
majestic landscapes. For some time now, Detroit artist Scott Hocking
has been opening people's eyes to the beauty that can be found in
the midst of decay. With "Relics"
he and Clinton Snider rummaged through abandoned homes and buildings
and turned their finds into a compelling monument to our forgotten
history. More recently Hocking's work has consisted of rusted metal
surfaces, all too commonplace in this city. Through his presentation,
metal rescued from the scrap heap becomes as compelling as lushly
a contributor to the "Shrinking Cities" project, Hocking
has an even larger task in front of him than elevating the status
of scrap metal. As we reported back in December (see our archives)
Shrinking Cities is an international collaborative art project funded
by the German government intended to study the conditions that led
to the shrinkage of four cities around the globe, including Detroit.
By presenting the information as an art exhibition, the project's
creators hope to promote understanding and offer potential solutions
for growth in the future.
Hocking describes Shrinking Cities' research objective as to "create
a bridge between the scientific approach and a more creative/artistic
perspective." By involving artists, sociologists, psychologists,
musicians, performance artists, writers, poets, people from all walks
of life, they hope to create different solutions than might otherwise
be gleaned from a singular disciplinary approach.
More than just being an artist in Detroit, Hocking's work with found
objects, decay, and memory make him a natural fit for inclusion in
a project which is grounded in exploring the environment and conditions
of a place.
rationale for working with found materials comes out of a personal
philosophy that such things as new paints and canvases are more of
a privilege than a right. Therefore, his means of dealing with that
issue is to make art from whatever is on hand - "I don't like
wasting things." Making art from old things both produces no
new waste and finds a use for existing waste. This is more than just
recycling, as he indeed finds and presents beauty in things other
people see as ugly or wasted, and thus they never even take the time
to look at them. "You can find beauty everywhere even in decay."
Work made from discarded materials also brings with it an aspect of
its former use, adding another level of significance to its new function.
Hocking's work is also characterized by making art from what's at
hand in the environment. In Detroit this means rusted and otherwise
discarded objects. In another location, his work might retain a similar
sensibility but guided by its own particular aesthetic. (He spent
the month of June doing an artists residency on an island in Toronto,
an environment that will no doubt evoke a different feel than his
Overall he describes this approach to art making as not being just
about Detroit and wastefulness, but as a "balance between opposites."
"We struggle with the duality of our existence, and these artworks
are intended to build bridges between them.
Life is trying
to keep a balance."
While many artists' endeavors begin and end in the studio, a good
portion of Hocking's work begins with him Indiana Jones-like exploring
abandoned buildings and other ruins to find inspiration. Fears of
homeless people, falling in a hole, or tetanus might stop most people
from venturing into such locales, but despite a healthy respect for
realistic fears like a roof caving in, Hocking risks the danger: "I
seek to really live - risks, excitement, drive me. If I find a 200
pound object on a roof and I think it's beautiful, I have to find
a way to get it."
exploring primarily on his own, Hocking encountered company while
wandering into abandoned buildings. He came across scrappers, people
who like him were seeking scraps of the past to use for the present,
but unlike him they were using these things in order to survive. These
people serve as the focus for his Shrinking Cities' project. They
present an extreme example of an alternate means of survival, through
the collection of scrap metal, aluminum siding, tin, bronze, copper
wire, nickel, iron, some wood, motors, bricks, cast iron radiators,
just about anything with material value that they can haul in a shopping
cart and sell.
Scrappers constitute an entire subculture, with virtually no interaction
between the mainstream of society. In Hocking's experience, scrappers
are all black men, (this is not to say that women don't do it, just
that he never encountered one.) They live a somewhat homeless existence,
pushing a cart around almost every minute of everyday, not even stopping
Hocking equates their struggles for survival with the story of Sisyphus,
who was condemned to eternally roll a rock up a hill only to have
it roll back down again. Like Sisyphus, these men labor endlessly
for a reward that is barely enough to survive. Hocking speaks of their
determination and ingenuity with great respect: he rescued that beautiful
200 pound metal door (mentioned above) from the roof it was on with
the use of makeshift pulleys that had initially been constructed by
scrappers for their own purposes and subsequently left behind. They
often have cleared the way for "urban spelunkers" like Hocking
to make their own discoveries, "I owe much to these men for making
such sites accessible and laying down somewhat safe paths."
are caught in a unique dynamic. As it is technically illegal to buy
scrap out of shopping carts and there exist few alternatives as to
where to sell their hard earned goods, they are at the mercy of businesses
that can and do take advantage of them. They function as a valuable,
but essentially invisible and silent member of the economic stream.
Scrapping is not unique to Detroit, as "Scrapping will exist
anywhere that people need to find a way to survive." However,
"The exceptional thing about Detroit and the other Shrinking
Cities is that there is so much abandonment, that they constitute
a larger niche and thriving subculture. [By his estimation, there
are "easily hundreds of cart-pulling scrappers in the city."]
This serves as an example of ecological cycles linked directly to
the health of the architecture of a place. Scrappers exist in abundance
where there is less abundance - as cities stop shrinking they [the
scrappers] will have to do something else."
all of this human research into a collaborative art exhibition involves
more of a back and forth between curator and artist than typically
transpires. The curators must exercise a high level of editorial guidance,
which means that the artist always has to defend the work and its
merit. Hocking characterizes this constant, intense dialogue as a
"breath of fresh air" not always present in the art world.
Through this discourse a balance is struck between the objectives
and expression of the individual artist and the overall concept of
Hocking's exhibition will focus on all aspects of the scrappers'
existence through photographs, objects, and accompanying text that
documents his research. Together all this information chronicles their
survival against adversity and how that parallels the overall environmental
factors of the city.
At the Shrinking Cities exhibition, Hocking plans to display two
shopping carts that he purchased from scrappers. He equates the shopping
cart with "consumerism" in its typical function, while in
the scrappers' hands it is transformed into a means of survival. The
cart serves as a portrait of a single man - his home, his goods, his
source of income - all his means of survival. Hocking intends to hang
the carts from the exhibition hall ceiling, balancing a burned cart
filled with copper wire whose plastic coating has been melted off
with a second cart filled with an equivalent weight of bags of 50
cent caramel corn, the delicacy of choice of one scrapper named "Country
addition to his time spent interacting and observing scrappers, some
years ago Hocking also found out how first hand how scrappers are
perceived by the larger culture. In the process of gathering bottles
from abandoned buildings throughout the city (for a project that would
go on the lawn of the DIA), he reached through a window to grab some
bottles to put in his cart and cut himself badly on jagged glass.
Unable to do much about the bleeding, he finished filling up the cart
and went on his way. As he pushed his bottle-filled shopping cart
down John R, sporting a shaved head, wearing no shirt, and bleeding
profusely, he heard car doors lock as he hobbled past. He thought,
"They think I'm a bum, they don't know that I'm not."
It's easiest to lock our doors and turn our heads away from things
that we don't understand, things that make us uncomfortable, things
that we don't want to acknowledge. By confronting these issues and
turning them into something able to be displayed in a gallery, Hocking
does the legwork for an audience not comfortable traipsing into abandoned
buildings or talking to men pushing metal-filled shopping carts. In
some ways he acts as a "middle man" - bridging cultures
and creating understanding where fear and misconceptions prevail.
His work creates a new awareness and with that perhaps a chance to
reveal previously unseen beauty as well. - Nick Sousanis